Dental Implants : How does it work and other questions
Dental implants are screws that replace the roots of missing teeth. Usually these consist of titanium or ceramic. These screws carry, after they are fused, the fixed or removable dentures.
Can dental implants be used on every patient?
Depending on the planned denture, a certain number of dental implants must be placed. It is important that the dental implants reach certain lengths and diameters. Therefore, the amount of jawbone plays an important role. If the jawbone is too small, it may need to be rebuilt or, in the worst case, can not be implanted as desired. In addition, there are several factors that increase the risk of implantation, including but not limited to: bad oral hygiene, certain medications, smoking, periodontal disease, or poorly controlled diabetes.
How do I know as a patient whether implants are suitable for me?
There should always be a discussion with the practitioner. Here the various alternatives for dental care are discussed. Several implants may be required. Therefore, it is important that there is enough bone. In addition, no inflammation in the jaw may be present. To clarify this, x-rays are taken, ideally with computer-aided 3D (DVT) imaging. If the volume of bone is small, bone formation can be performed.
How does an implantation work?
Implants can be placed under local anesthesia, under nitrous oxide or under anesthesia. In the process, special drills of increasing length and diameter are used to place the desired implants at the planned position.
Here, a computerized template can be very helpful, as it allows precise placement of the implants at the predetermined position. This can significantly reduce the risk.
Thereafter, the implants are closed with small screws and sewn or closed with larger screws (gingiva former) and sutured the gums around these screws.
When do I get my final dentures?
With good bone quality implants can be immediately loaded by a temporary restoration. In most cases, however, a healing period of 6 weeks to 6 months is required. When implants have been sewn in, a small procedure must be taken so that the gums above the implant can make a small cut around the locking screw and screw in the final abutment.
What are the risks of implantation?
It can damage nerves, blood vessels or teeth. The professional experience of the surgeon and good x-ray planning play an important role here.
In addition, inflammation can occur during the healing phase or after that can lead to the loss of the implants. It can also cause bleeding, so it is important that patients with blood thinners be previously adjusted by their attending physician.
What must be considered after implantation?
Above all, good oral hygiene is important after implantation. Soft toothbrushes and suitable mouthwashes can help here. It is important that the patient avoid stimulants such as tobacco, alcohol or coffee. Exhausting physical activity should also be avoided during the healing phase.